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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "ian Philip" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 19 Aug 2011 03:20:11 +0100
Subject: New Message.

Dear Friend,
I am Mr. Ian Philip a consultant for trade. I have a client who has an amount of money to invest in Real Estate. We are novice in real estate business therefore we need a foreign partner to handle the real estate business on behalf of my client due to important reasons regarding the political instability in their country. My client will like to own a family house in your country also whereby they can live in future.
I will give you full details upon your reply. Please send in your reply, your full name, mobile phone and fax number with your location address too to this Email ;
Best wishes
Ian Philip

Anti-fraud resources: