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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barrister Mike KUMALO" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 20 Aug 2011 08:57:02 +0200
Subject: Call Dr (Ms) HOUNSOU Paul For Your Cheque.

Good Day.
After so much delay,beformed the cheque sum $650.000 issued in your name by the Financial Bank  has release and Mr .James Mcpeter has forwarded it to Dr.(Ms) HOUNSOU Paul,I have sent you this message earlier and wonder if you received it or not.
You are advice now  to contact her with your postal address and contact phone number informations ,for receiving your cheque without any delay.
here is her contact information to enable  you reach her immediately.
Attn:Dr (Ms) HOUNSOU Paul.
Thanks and God bless you and  your family.
Best Regards,
Barr.Parker James

Anti-fraud resources: