fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Central Bank Nigeria <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: Central Bank Nigeria <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 20 Aug 2011 10:28:55 -0300 (BRT)
Subject: IMMEDIATE PAYMENT NOTIFICATION VALUED AT (USD23 MILLION)
IMMEDIATE PAYMENT NOTIFICATION VALUED AT (USD23 MILLION)
Be informed that we have verified your payment file as directed to us, and your email is next on the list of our outstanding fund beneficiaries to receive their payment before the end of this second term of the year 2011. Be advised that because of too many funds beneficiaries due for payment at this first quarter of the year, you are entitled to receive the sum of Twenty Three Million United States Dollars (USD23, 000,000.00) only and to facilitate the process of this transaction, please kindly re-confirm the following personal information below as to enable me process your payment:
1) Your full Name:
2) Your Full Address:
2) Phones, Fax and Mobile No:
3) Profession, Age and Marital Status:
4) Copy of any valid form of your Identification
Upon our receipt of the above mentioned information, your payment will be processed and released to you without delays. He also informed that you are required to discontinue further communication with any other person(s) or office so as to avoid distortion of data; you are required to provide the above information for your transfer to take place through Bank to Bank Remittance.
Your prompt response to the above directive is highly imperative and indicates if you want your fund to program into a DEBIT CARD in case you do not want Bank to Bank Transfer.
Esta mensagem foi verificada pelo sistema de antivírus e
acredita-se estar livre de perigo.