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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barrister GraceDavid" <>
Date: Fri, 9 Sep 2011 03:17:02 -0400

This is the good news about our new agreement with the issued bank to transfer
your total fund via western union money transfer, Now be advice to contact the
western union remitance director with this bellow information as you recieves
your daily maximum amount today
A..your name---------------------
B..your country-------------------
C..your city------------------------
D..text question?----------------
E..your answer-------------------
F..personal i.d--------------------
G..personal phone number---
I want to advice you that you can also give to them another names that you
trust and make sure you or the person that you will give thier names has a
valid identity, for easy claim of your money in western union office. now
contact this office as directed
Remitance director is Peace Amadi
Office E-mail (
Phone number +229-6625-3498
Regard Joy Benson

Anti-fraud resources: