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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "E-Payment Unit" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 20 Aug 2004 09:40:07 +0100
Subject: Urgent Response

In respect to the Final Notification received from the Finance Ministry over the cancellation of all impending funds and conversion
to supplementary Budget come September 30th.
I therefore write to know your readiness to receive the card hence all other arrangements has been concluded to effect the shipment remaining
your compliance or you permit me to cancel the payment file and update my record as unclaimed bill belonging to a ghost account.
Call me irrespective of time diiference +2348073442024
I await your urgent response,
Dr.Larry Forte

Anti-fraud resources: