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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Saarinen Johanna <>
Date: Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:03:43 +0200
Subject: Number: HL-001655NL

You have won the sum of 550,000.00euros from LuckyDay lottery 2011 Year bonanza award.You are to contact him with your details below:
1.Ref Number:67218/501-4242/ES
2.Batch Number:612775428-SN
3.Ticket Number:194463-85
4.Award Number: HL-001655NL
1.Name........Address ....................3.Age

Contact Person:Mr David Moolman

Congratulations once again.

Dr.Mary Simon

Anti-fraud resources: