fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million pounds" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Yahoo; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
- rev. jim minton (payment approved director) email: firstname.lastname@example.org email: email@example.com tel: +44 776 381 4367 fax: (Yahoo; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "JRF ORGANIZATION" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 13 Oct 2011 19:39:21 +0100
Subject: Re Beneficiaries
The Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust Ltd.,
The Garden House,
York, YO30 6WQ.
We write to notify you that your name was among the beneficiaries
whose name appears in our payment list as the UK Commission on
Unclaimed Money and Assets has stated clearly to (UK) government
that an estimated 400M Four Hundred Million Pounds Sterling is
thought to be lying unclaimed in various bank accounts in UK that
belong to oversea beneficiaries. view the link below:
To enable us proceed with your payment evaluation you have to
Contact Rev. Jim Minton for more information with this Payment
NAME: REV. JIM MINTON (PAYMENT APPROVED DIRECTOR)
TEL: +44 776 381 4367 Fax: +44 870 479 6992.