fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "death certificate" (this phrase is often used in inheritance scams such as next of kin or https://www.419scam.org/419-murdered-businessman.htm">orphan scams. )
- "dear beneficiary," (this SPAM email was probably sent to thousands of people)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447005961487 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
- +447005961752 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
Fraud email example:
From: "Sir Gordon White" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 22 Oct 2011 18:45:26 +0800
Subject: reply now
Her Majesty Customs Revenue
Payment Certification Department
2 Marsham Street. London.
SW1P 4DFWLondon, United Kingdom
I am Gordon White of Her Majesty Customs Revenue. Please be informed that there is presently a counter claim on your funds by M. Jutin Edward. The aforementioned person has presented a death certificate, claiming that you are dead.Consequently, he is claiming to be your next-of-kin therefore the beneficiary to your funds.Please be informed that Jutin Edwards has provide the account stated hereinafter for the receipt of your funds.
Bank Name: Bank of New York Mellon
Name of Beneficiary: Jutin Edwards
7 High gate Rd, Gansevoort, NY 12831
Having exhausted other means of communication, we have decided to send this message.
Do we release the funds as Mr. Jutin Edwards instructed? As a matter of urgency, you are hereby advise to revert to us within the forty two four hours. On your failure, we shall initiate payment.
We await your prompt response.
Her Majesty Customs Revenue