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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "From Johnson Boateng Quartey" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 22 Oct 2011 21:05:32 +0200
Subject: Estimado amigo,

Mr.Johnson Boateng Quartey.
Phone: +233-244736309.
>From the Desk of Mr.Johnson Boateng Quartey.
Bank Manager, Ghana.

Dear Friend,

My name is Mr. Johnson Boateng Quartey a branch bank manager
from Ghana. After several official enquiries from the
foreign trade office of our Chambers of Commerce and
Industry, I decided to contact you directly for an

I am interested to transfer/invest in your country
through your assistance.I am in Ghana presently and
I have the sum of Two million five hundred thousand
US Dollars which I would like to transfer into your
account and invest in your country if possible.
I made this money US$2,800,000.00 out of my branch
office excess profit for the 2009 fiscal year.

I choosed you because I cannot be directly involve
for I am still working with the bank, I hope you
can understand my situation and assist me to receive
and invest this money properly as this is my only hope.

Please kindly get back to me as soon as possible.

Best regards,

Mr.Johnson Boateng Quartey.
Phone: +233-244736309.

Anti-fraud resources: