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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Teodoro Obiang Jr." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 22 Oct 2011 16:58:05 +0200
Subject: Urgent Contact


Do accept my apology if this mail violates your personal principle and ethics. My name is Teodoro Obiang Jr, I am a Minister in my father’s government in Equatorial Guinea. I am seeking a reliable partner to help me out of an imminent debacle as my business interests is currently under serious threat from government authorities in Europe and the Americas.

Few months ago, investigators in the United States and Europe have lunched series of search into my business concerns claiming that I established dummy companies with the purpose of transferring monies out of my country. Now they are trying to link this to a money laundering offence to have my funds confiscated. To this end, we are seeking reliable individuals who can help us to hold some of our funds in Europe.

I have confidentially discussed this issue with my Father and we agreed to find a reliable foreign partner to deal with. We thus propose to do business with you, standing in as a government contractor in Equatorial Guinea we shall process documents and have some cash released to your nominated bank account as payment for contracts done in our country.

Let me know if you can lend me a helping hand. This business will be of our mutual benefit as we intend to compensate you very well. I will give you full detail of our mode of operation if I receive your response in the affirmative.

To read full detail of my family persecution visit

you can reach me through the following email:

Thank you,
Teodoro Obiang Jr.

Anti-fraud resources: