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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr George Hanson" <>
Date: Sat, 22 Oct 2011 08:29:46 -0000
Subject: Greetings,

Dear Sir/Madam,
I am Dr George Hanson, I need your services in a confidential matter
regarding money transfer.
This requires a private arrangement though the details of the transaction
will be furnish to you if you indicate your interest in this proposal.
We have all the legal documents to back up the transaction, besides we
have worked out the modalities to ensure smooth and risky free transfer.We
are willing to offer you 25% of the money, the fund in question is quite

All correspondences will be via email for now. I am expecting to hear from
you, if you are willing to do the business with us to send your response
to my private email address:

Please note that this is not scam, but legitimate business offer.
Yours Faithfully,
Dr George Hanson

Anti-fraud resources: