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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Abbey Dossou" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 22 Dec 2011 04:31:11 -0000
Subject: Date : 22-12-2011.

Dear Sir

This is Ray & Cole Brown Law Firm. I am sending this email to you on behalf of my client to inform you
that your services is urgently needed for investment purposes in your country upon which he wants to be
partnership with you.

Kindly reply and confirm receipt of this email to enable me give you more details and as well link you up
with him for immediate action.

I await for your reply on this email :


Mr.Mr Abbey Dossou.
Ray & Cole Brown Law Firm

Anti-fraud resources: