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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Avocat Edoh Agbahey <>
Date: Fri, 23 Dec 2011 04:50:24 +0800 (SGT)
Subject: Dear

 Dear     ,
I am Avocat Edoh Agbahey, I have a vital information about a deceased relative Mr. Thompson W.     , and his un-claimed investments here in the Republic of Benin that might interest you.
I seek your consent to be nominated as the beneficiary of deceased client un-supervised estate left behind at his demise. The total sum in question is $8. 5Million USD.
Kindly get back to me with the below full information about yourself  to help me know you more properly through my private e-mail box here (
Full name/-------------------
Private E-mail/-----------------
Mobile/Tel number/---------------
Country of Resident/---------------
As soon as I receive your information I will forward the details to you for your perusal and final consent. I wait to hear from you.
Regards,Avocat Edoh Agbahey,
Attorney At. Law
Private e-mail: (

Anti-fraud resources: