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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Lily Nobia <>
Date: Thu, 22 Dec 2011 23:37:40 +0000
Subject: Hello Friend.

Hello Friend.
how are you dear, my name is miss Lily and i am single. I saw your contact
now as i was browsing and its my pleasure and interesting sending mail to
you as a new friend. and i really want to have a good friendship with you,
beside i have something very vital to discuss with you, When you get back
to me through my e-mail, so we can get to know each other more better, And
also give you my picture and tell you more about myself. Awaiting to hear
from you soon.
Yours Lily..

Anti-fraud resources: