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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Godfrey Kufor Henshaw" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 13 Dec 2011 18:47:26 -0000

Attn: This Offer may interest you:

Dear Sir/Madam,

The sum of US$85.9million was concealed in a 5 Trunk Boxes and deposited with a Private Security Company in the Republic of Ghana by a Top Government Official (Name Withheld) and hereinafter seeks your Partnership for the evacuation of these Cash Funds out of the Country for intelligent Safekeeping.

The person in question is a Presidential Aspirant for the 2012 Presidential Election in the Republic of Ghana. Your reward for participating in this risk free Business Deal will be 40% of the aforementioned Funds only if interested, ready and willing to fly to Ghana to stand as the Owner cum Beneficiary of the said amount before the Security Company for possible claiming. Send your Private Telephone Numbers for discussion of this offer in full details.

In receipts of this email message, you are been advice to
email me back at:

Thank you.
Yours Respectfully,
Godfrey Kufor Henshaw
Republic of Ghana

Anti-fraud resources: