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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Jacob Amankwa <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 23 Dec 2011 10:05:52 +0000

Attention: Sir/Madam,

Ghana Project Service Commission (GPSC) has Published their 2011/2012 Annual Projects, about Seventy-Two (72) Products/Items will be needed for Purchase/Supply in large quantities.

Can you send me your Product price list by email to cross check if you have any of the listed items so that I will visit their Office and give you full details including quantity, terms of payment and Shipment destinations.

Tender is open to all eligible foreign contractors from eligible source countries as defined in the guidelines of the procurement Board of the Republic of Ghana . Get back to me for more details. I am a commission agent.

Reply directly to my email:

Jacob Amankwa.
Sky MultiBiz Ltd.
Plot 37 Avenor Rd,Accra.

Anti-fraud resources: