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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Ibrahim Dabashi <>
Date: Fri, 23 Dec 2011 17:45:00 +0700
Subject: From Dr. Ibrahim

>From Dr. Ibrahim I am Ibrahim Dabashi the Director of Jamariya
commercial Bank Misrata , in Libya. I have a transaction of
$40,000,000.00 which I will like to propose to you. Presently every
financial institution in my country has been paralyzed due to the
civil war, but I manage to move the above mentioned amount out of
Libya to a Financial House in West Africa. Please I will like you to
help me get the fund out from the Financial House to any over sea bank
out side Africa for security reasons, and to help relocate my
daughter who is presently in Togo to your country. At the moment I
can not travel out of Libya, my traveling document has been ceased by
the new Government of my country till further notice. To indicate
your interest please send me your information's. I will be looking for
your positive prompt response to assist me. Yours Sincerely, Dr.

Anti-fraud resources: