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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "HENRY MURRAY" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 28 Dec 2011 12:08:08 +0100

Good Day
I am Henry Murray, an attorney at law. I am contacting you to assist in distributing the fund left behind by my late client before it is confiscated or declared unserviceable by the bank.
This will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the law.
Waiting to hear from you so we can proceed without delay.
P.s:  Reply me via
Most Sincerely,
Henry Murray (ESQ)
Senior Attorney
Henry Murray & Associates
Level 38, Menara Upper Tower
165 Jalan Ampang 50450
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tel: +601- 6908 5941

Anti-fraud resources: