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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Kouda Fabre <>
Date: Sat, 31 Dec 2011 15:32:49 +0000 (GMT)
Subject: urgent

My name is Mr Kouda FABRE,an Attorney at law, and the Personal lawyer to Mr.William A.,I have a business inherited fund transaction of US$10.5Million,(Ten Million And Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars) which I need your assistance, please if you are interested and acceptance this proposal,please reply to me through my personal email address: <>,for more detalis and the confidentiality of this transaction.
Best Regards,
Mr.Kouda FABRE.

Anti-fraud resources: