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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Monic Edward <>
Reply-To: Monic Edward <>
Date: Sat, 31 Dec 2011 19:59:23 +0200 (SAST)
Subject: Hello My Dear friend

Hello My Dear friend,

How are you doing today,hope fine.Well am Monic and i saw your email contact

when i was browsing,so i fill much interested to contact you so that we can

become friends and also know more about each other.Meanwhile i will like you to

contact me direct to my private email

( ) so that i will send you my photo and also tell you

more about myself.

Yours new friend,


Anti-fraud resources: