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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "ALCON CO. LTD" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 5 Feb 2012 09:38:17 -0800
Subject: Product Enquiry


I am the Representative of ALCON CO. LTD located in USA, We are a fast growing conglomerate in United States of America, and we are interested in your product. Please do send to us details of your products with quotation and specifications immediately to enable us place order.

Please kindly be advised of the following:

* Our Minimum Order Quantity :- One Container
* Your delivery time :- Minimum of 45 days and Maximum of 3 Months
* Payment terms :- Only Telegraphic Transfer
* And your products warranty:- Negotiable

I await to hear from you urgently

Mr.Roy Howard

Legal Representative
450 W. 33 Street, New York, NY 10001

Anti-fraud resources: