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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Joy Dagolo <>
Date: Mon, 6 Feb 2012 02:20:49 +0000
Subject: Hello Dear


Hello Dear

How are you today? I feel like communicating with you, my name is Miss Joy
Dagolo I am single ,24 years of age and 5.7ft tall. It is my pleasure with
due respect to cultivate a healthy friendship with you . I have great
interest in making new friends, my hobbies are reading, traveling,swimming
and dancing.

Today i found your e-mail id, then i took the opportunity to write to you
as i will really want us to be good friends and I will so much appreciate
it if we can click together as one great friend.

I will send my photo at least for you to see who is writing to you.I will
like you to contact me back, so that I will give you full explanation about
myself, and reasons and purpose I have contacted you.Please feel free to
write me back.

Yours Sincerely,

Anti-fraud resources: