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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Jerome & Jane Odinga" <>
Date: Mon, 20 Feb 2012 05:37:00 -0800
Subject: Please, Read And Reply For Full Details

My name is Jerome Odinga, my sister and I are Kenyan Nationals,who is
currently at the refugee camp here in Accra-Ghana.Please i will like you
to assist me and my sister to retrieve and receive our consignment over
there in American that contains $25million United States dollars and some
quantity of gold and Diamond, which I cannot specify.

Please, do reply so we can forward you in full details.
Thanks and God bless you.
Jerome & Jane Odinga.

Anti-fraud resources: