fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- "foreign remittance department" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: RESEVE BANK OF INDIA <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 3 Mar 2012 16:53:50 +0000
Subject: =?windows-1256?Q?Reserve_Ba?= =?windows-1256?Q?nk_of_Indi?=
Reserve Bank of India
FOREIGN REMITTANCE DEPARTMENT
1st Floor, Amar Building Sir P.M
Fort Mumbai-400 001
This is to notify you that your
fund has been approved for release to you via Hsbc Bank Transfer.Kindly
reconfirm this application put in by Mrs.Jeanna White - she submitted
the under listed bank account information supposedly sent by you to
receive the funds on your behalf.
The bank information she applied with are stated thus:
Account Name: Jeanna White
Bank name: Citi Bank NA
Bank address: #1230 Arch Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USAictimize anybody
Account Number: 016503809428
Routing Number: 2779210
Swift Code: CITIUS22
We wish to verify from you if this woman was authorized to receive the
fund son your behalf, to ensure that the paying bank will not be held
responsible for paying into the wrong hands/account.
The committee on overdue transfer funds has approved HSBC BANK
UNITED KINGDOM through the international remittance/foreign operations,
to transfer all overdue funds this quarter of the year.
However, if we do not receive any formal reconfirmation from you, it
automatically means that she was actually sent by you, to receive the
said Fund. Hence, you are hereby requested to reply this mail
immediately for confirmation, before we proceed with this payment and
for us to know the true position of things with you so that we won't
make any mistakes/errors in remitting your out-standing payment to a
Lastly, you are advice to reconfirm the details of this message and get
back immediately with these information's below so as to enable us cross
check with the one we have to ensure no mistake in process of transfer.
PLEASE FOR YOUR INFORMATION IF YOUR NOT READY TO SEND THE FEE WE CAN
PROCEED WITH HER BECAUSE SHE IS READY TO PAY ALL THE NEEDED FEE INVOLVE
IN THIS TRANSFER? WHY CAN YOU NOT SEND THE FEE FOR LONG TIME NOW, PLEASE
WHERE NOT READY TO CONTACT YOU AGAIN FOR THIS FUND, WE CAN PROCEED WITH
PEOPLE THAT KNOWS WHAT IS TRANSFER IN THE WORLD, BECAUSE YOU DON'T
FOLLOW UP OR MY ADVISE
Note: This information's must be provided for reconfirmation to enable
us make payment to you, hence, your funds will be remit/wire into her
thanks and well come
Shri Kaza Sudhakar
Bank of India