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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Mark Edwaldo Herbert" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 4 Mar 2012 01:34:05 +0800


I am Mr. Mark Edwaldo Herbert from United Kingdom, writing to inform you of our desire to invest in your

country on behalf of Dato faizal abdullah of Malaysia.

Considering his very strategic, influential position in his country, he hopes that the transaction is

strictly confidential as possible. Also, do not want to disclose his identity at least for now until the

completion of the transaction.

Hence our desire to have you as our agent abroad to protect and invest his funds in a profitable

business, I have therefore been directed to know if you would agree to act as a foreign agent in order

to update this transaction.

If you can handle this, then you can come back to me via email:

Thanks for your anticipated cooperation and consideration.

Yours Sincerely,
Mr. Mark Edwaldo Herbert.

Anti-fraud resources: