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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "LA PRIMITIVA ES" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 3 Mar 2012 22:41:23 +0100
Subject: Notification: You,ve Been Approved !!!

Qualification Number: 14-20-9-11-4-8-10

Your email address is among the 8 lucky winner that have won 1,000,000.00 EURO (One Million Euro) in the 2012 La Primitiva Email lottery sweepstakes program held In Spain.This email was sent to congratulate and notify you officially about the award contact the finance agent below with your names,telephone,on how to claim your prize.

Contact officer: Mr.Mario Carlos
Email to:

Best Regards,
Mrs.Elisabeth Fernando
Lottery Co-ordinator

Anti-fraud resources: