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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: James Michael <>
Date: Sun, 4 Mar 2012 17:01:50 +0800 (SGT)
Subject: Consulting For Investment

It is a great pleasure for me to have known you in my research on the Internet.
After much reflection, I would like us to work together and achieve this business with my foundation, you are my trusted partner in this very business relationship and which will take us along way and you should consider it very important for our benefit.
I have the legitimate ambition to invest in all business areas and countries economically and politically stable and whose laws and regulations to protect and secure foreign investors.
For all these considerations I just respectfully ask for your honest and sincerely cooperation in all activities of the profitable private sector.
I would like to know if you will accept the work that I offer and the choice is yours for the opportunity, do you have any recommendations for me?
I am therefore willing to finance huge amount only if you would remain entrusting importantly in  the following criteria:
-1 The investment funds my foundation in beneficial activity.
-2 Saving a common benefit.
-3 Respect financial transactions with confidentiality
If those criteria listed above meet with you’re sincerely and full membership, I will be glad to know your decision immediately.
For more detailed understanding, please send me your address and phone number.I sincerely express my deep gratitude to a perfect and sincere cooperation.
Dr James.

Anti-fraud resources: