fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "claims agent" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447035928284 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
Fraud email example:
From: "HONDA LOTTERY LOTTO AWARDS 2012." <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 28 Mar 2012 10:59:07 -0700 (PDT)
754 MAIN ROAD BIGGIN HILL
LONDON UNITED KINGDOM
+44-702- 402 -6867
FR V 2012
26 / 03 / 2012
have been approved for a payment of £1, 500 000.00 GBP ( One Million Five Hundred
Thousand Great British
Pounds Sterling ) in cash credited to file Reference
Ticket Number: 01225498775436,
fill the fund transfer for and send it to your claims agent ( Rev
Morgan ) below are what you are to fill:
Your full name:
Your full address:
are advised to immediately contact the Honda company online accredited agent (
Rev Eric Morgan ) with
for the quick receival of your awarded prize ( £1,500 000.00 GBP ).
COMPANY ONLINE CLAIMS AGENT
REV Eric Morgan
Company Online lottery Coordinator.
( AS SOON AS YOU RECEIVE THIS NOTIFICATION LETTER MAKE SURE YOU CHECK YOUR
INBOX AND SPAM BOX ALWAYS TO RECEIVE FURTHER PROCEEDINGS ).
Copyright © 2012 Honda
Company Inc. All rights reserved.