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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: nancyaliyu <>
Date: Thu, 29 Mar 2012 00:27:03 +0100 (BST)
Subject: How are you doing today?

How are you doing today?

My name is Nancy Aliyu (female),i saw your email today and i decided to contact you. I would like to be your good friend.I will like to know more about you,learn a lot from you, when i receive your yes answer,i will send you my picture for you to see me and tell you more about myself, This is my personal email address ( where you will reply my mail ok.

yours new friend,


Please contact me now through my email address


Anti-fraud resources: