fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "your urgent reply" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "robert.garang.john64" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 28 Mar 2012 20:00:01 -0700
Subject: thank you
Hello Sir, good Day sir my name is Robert John Garang, am a refugee from
Sudan my later father was a gold and Diamond seller I have a consignment
which contains 20 million u.s dollar.It is clean and spendable Cash and 500
kilo gram of gold bars I also have another box which is 500 kilo gram of
Diamond pure and clean in the position with UN Diplomat Agent in United
Kingdom London. why the 20 million us dollars and 500 kilo gram of gold
bars they are at a store keeper diplomat security agent in the Untied
Kingdom London too. and i am given you 100% guarantee that this my life and
is true my funds and gold and Diamond are legally free from any fraudulent
activities. the problem is that I need a good beneficiary who will help me
to invest my funds in a foreign country.If you help me,I'll give you 25% of
my consignment each please do not betray me or go to tell anybody about my
consignment. am now in Ghana going too 4week now but i don't know any body
except the Refugee Camp. please can i have your phone number so that we can
talk on phone privately thank you. may god bless you. I wait your urgent
reply, stay bless and your email.ID email@example.com
Robert John Garang.