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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Liu, Zhang" <>
Date: Thu, 12 Apr 2012 01:30:26 +0000
Subject: Mutual Understanding

Good Day,

I am Zhang Liu of BEA, (BANK OF EAST ASIA-HONG KONG).I have a business proposal for you.

A transfer of Twenty-six million, Five Hundred Thousand Dollars was deposited by one of our late customer who
died without declaring any next of kin before his death in 2003.Against this backdrop, my proposal to you is to
stand as the next of kin to Al Fayez, So you will be able to receive this funds to your own nominated account
we shall share in the ratio of sixty percent for me, forty percent for you. For us to proceed.your full names,
address & phone numbers is needed.

If you intersted get back to me via my personal email:(


Mr Zhang Liu.

Anti-fraud resources: