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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Jan yiun" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 12 Apr 2012 11:37:47 +0200
Subject: Ciao cara,

Ciao cara,

Sto usando questo mezzo per comunicare una transazione che comporta il trasferimento reciproco di $ 17,3 milioni alla mia banca in Cina, è come beneficiario. Ciò sarà fatto senza il rischio del 100% di essere il direttore finanziario del cliente defunto.

Si prega di contattare sulla mia email privata inferiore per eventuali domande e chiarimenti.

Cordiali saluti,
Jan Yiun

Anti-fraud resources: