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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: FROM Mrs Gloria Pelaez <>
Date: Thu, 24 May 2012 19:00:15 +0100 (BST)
Subject: Hello I am Mrs Gloria Pelaez ,

Hello I am Mrs Gloria Pelaez
,          A citizen of Philippines ..the Wife of Late Mr Emmanuel
N.Pelaez of Philippines he worked with America Embassy as An Ambassador
in COTE D'IVOIRE , for years l have a Big project for you and this
project is about Orphanage, i will like you to get back to me by my
email ( ) ,,,,,Hoping to hear from you soon .
Indicate your interest pl z contact me by my email.

Yours  Mrs Gloria Pelaez ,

Anti-fraud resources: