fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Ming Hung Chen" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 24 May 2012 18:55:09 -0400
My name is Mr. Ming Hung Chen,I presently work as a Senior Accounts Director, Offshore
Mortgage & Services with Bank of China, Hong Kong.
I Work as part of a bigger team that covers the entire Hong Kong region. I have taken
pains to find your contact through personal
I have a business and investment proposal for you worth $22,000,00.00, if you are
interested please contact me with the following information.
I guarantee that the transaction will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that
will protect all from any bridge of law. To affirm
your willingness and cooperation to my proposal, please contact me through my private
email:email@example.com stating the followings:
(1) Full Name:
(2) Contact Address:
Your prompt response will be highly appreciated.
Mr. Ming Hung Chen
This message has been scanned for viruses and
dangerous content by MailScanner, and is
believed to be clean.