fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Jim Van" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 1 Jun 2012 02:59:00 +0700
Subject: RE: GET BACK TO ME IMMEDIATELY
I am Mr. Jim Van. a senior staff/officer with the Foreign Trade bank Cambodia Plc. I am the personel account manager of a deceased customer of our bank. on the 26th December 2004, our customer, his wife and their two kids were involved in a car accident along along Cambodia Express Road, All occupants of the vehicle unfortunately lost there lives. Since then I have made several enquiries to your embassy to locate any of his extended relatives this has also proved unsuccessful.and his account of US$19,500,000.00 million with us have been unclaimed due to unavailability of next of kin/relatives to claim his estate.
My late customer was awarded two different contracts with a Company here before his untimely demise, In accordance with the escheat laws in Cambodia as a kingdom,the board of directors of the bank met forth night ago and resolved to turn the estate of the deceased over to Government pause having waited for too long without the deceased relatives/next of kin surfacing property and if this is done, invariably, the funds will end up to become Government property and it is as a result of this that am moved to contact you considering the fact that you share almost the same name with the deceased.
In view of this, I am seeking your cooperation and understanding to stand as the deceased next of kin to enable us claim the inheritance before the period given by the bank elapse. If you are interested and in agreement with me, get back to me quickly and I will send to you all our bank contacts and the information you may need to proceed without coming to Cambodia, and be rest assured that at the end of the transfer you shall have 40% of the total amount. and you should bear in mind that there is no risk involve in this business as you will be equiped with all the vital information of the Deposit.
Mr. Jim Van