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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Internet Crime Complaint Center" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 1 Jun 2012 15:45:24 -0700
Subject: Contact UBA

IC3 Special Agent in Charge
Washington Field Office
Counter-terrorism Division
Washington, D.C. 20535
June 01, 2012.

Attn Beneficiary,

We receive complain today from the United Bank For Africa (UBA) that one Mr. Dirk Glock is claiming that you Authorized him to make claims of your US$3.8Million with their Bank.

Please contact United Bank For Africa (UBA) and clear this information he provided to them before they issue they approve the release of your fund to him, he stated to be your Next of Kin.

Contact Person:
Dr.Oluwatoyin Sanni
United Bank for Africa (UBA)

Finally, you should issue him an Authority Letter before directing him to act on your behalf.

Thanks for your understanding and co-operation

Yours Sincerely:
John G. Perren,

CC:National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C).
CC:Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA).
CC: Deputy Commissioner,
U.S. Customs and Border Protection.

Anti-fraud resources: