fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "email@example.com" (This email address looks like addresses used in fake loan scams. Be suspicious of any lender who uses a free webmail address or who is based in different country from yourself.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447035935939 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "DEUTSCHE BANK AG LONDON." <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 30 Jun 2012 15:17:38 -0700
Subject: LOAN, PROJECT FINANCING, AGENTS AND BANK INSTRUMENTS.
Deutsche Bank AG is a leading UK-based financial services group, its
businesses provides a wide range of banking and financial services in
United Kingdom and overseas, principally through branches of the
Deutsche Bank and its wholly owned subsidiaries.
We use our complete range of abilities to offer Project Loans, SBLC,
LC, BG, Project Financing, Venture Capital, we do this by arranging
Bonds, IPOs and Private Placements, and by making markets in financial
contracts such as commodities, FX, credit default swaps and interest
rate swaps and options.
Interested individuals, firms, companies and industries are requested
to contact us through our confidential email address
firstname.lastname@example.org for immediate response if appraised and
N.B.: Deutsche Bank AG London seeks to establish more sole agents
outside United Kingdom.
Chief Financial Officer
and Group Executive Committee
Deutsche Bank AG
1 Great Winchester Street
EC2N 2DB LONDON