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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Hussain Biyari" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 30 Jun 2012 08:23:51 -0700
Subject: Attention: Important Message

My name is Hussain Biyari,an executive with the International Institute of Finance,Inc (RUSD) bank malaysia.I have a legitimate prospect in my office that will be of great benefit to us,All i require is your honest co-operation,dedication and trust for the success of this deal.

I'll send you details of the proposal if you are interested and any other requirements you desire to confirm the authenticity of this proposal.

Hussain Biyari
Reply back to this email:

Anti-fraud resources: