fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Jan Sherman" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 13 Jul 2012 08:00:31 -0500
Subject: CLAIM YOUR REWARD PRIZE
NOTIFICATION OF EMAIL AWARD.
*Winning E-ticket Number: ERP-45188
*Winning Amount : $2,500,000.00.USD (Two Million, Five Hundred Thousand
Dear Selected Winner,
We are pleased to inform you of the EMAIL REWARD PROGRAM for Internet
users. Your email address was the star pick from the automated ballot
system and by virtue of this pick, you are entitled to receive the grand
reward of Two Million, Five Hundred Thousand Dollars.
This is a reward program for the patronage of Internet services and all
email addresses entered for the promotional draws were randomly selected
from an internet resource database of registered software and domain
users. This promotional draw is conducted in the Netherlands, but email
entries were drawn on a global basis.
For instructions to receive this amount, you should establish contact with
the Claim Officer using details stated below:
Name: Albert Cuyper
Tel: +31 647 580 997
You are required to directly contact Mr.Albert Cuyper and furnish him with
the following information;
Ref Number and E-ticket number:
NOTE: It's important you initiate correspondence with Albert Cuyper
immediately for guidance to receive the allotted sum.