fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following fake company names, fake addresses, non-existent institutions/documents or other details have appeared in scams before:
- "international court of justice" (not involved with lotteries)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "KHAMIS MUAMMAR GADDAFI" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 15 Jul 2012 18:47:14 +0600 (BDT)
Subject: ASSISTANCE NEEDED
My name is Khamis Muammar al-Gaddafi, one of the youngest son of the
troubled Muammar al-Gaddafi, i am a policeman by profession and a
leader of a special forces brigade of the military of Libya. i am at
the moment very depressed as i write to you.i got your mail
from search engine and i really think you can be of help to me.
At the moment i am studying for a masters degree in IE Business School
in Madrid,but as i write to you i am in the UK before the British
government revoked the immunity given to my father (Muammar al-Gaddafi
) and his
so at the moment i do not possess the right to move about, as i will be
arrested and prosecuted in a international court of justice. in my
possession right about now is my internet connection and my private
cell phone, it is only with this two i am able to make contact with the
out side world.
Also as another measure that has been taken by the international
community, our asset i.e the assets of Muammar al-Gaddafi and family
world wide have been frozen to compel my father to step down as the
As speak to you,my father muammar al-gaddafi is dead and was killed
by the rabels.the interim Government that have taken over from my father
as the president are trying to confisticate my father asset.
The above mentioned reasons are what have compelled me to write you this
mail, As i seek to partner with a trustworthy person who can assist me
in transferring some of my monetary assets worth about (GBP)
145m (ONE HUNDRED AND FORTY-FIVE MILLION GREAT BRITISH POUNDS). This
monies has been lodged in a bank account in the Uk and as things has
shaped out now this money is likely to be discovered soon, so i seek your
assistance in helping me transfer this money into your account so that it
is not discovered. i am ready to offer as much as 50percent of this money
to you if you render to assist in transferring this money and the money is
if you are interested in assisting me write me a reply on:
CONTACT EMAIL: email@example.com