fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "utmost confidentiality" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "BUSINESS" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 15 Jul 2012 15:35:58 -0500 (ECT)
My name is Dr. D Subbaao i am the director of operation in Reserve Bank Of
India.I have an obscured business suggestion for you in the tune of Five
Million Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars ($5.500,000.00 USD)
,after the successful transfer Should you be interested please contact me
through my private email (email@example.com) so we can commence all
arrangements and I will give your more information on how we would handle
this project as soon as i received your reply. Please treat this business
with utmost confidentiality and send me the following if you are
(1)Full names, (2)Private Phone number, (3)Current residential address,
(4)Occupation, (5)Age and Profession.
Dr. D Subbaao.
Este mensaje ha sido analizado por mail.imporbarsa.com.ec
en busca de virus y otros contenidos peligrosos,
y se considera que está limpio.
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