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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Adams Jones" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 16 Jul 2012 13:38:28 +0100
Subject: Proposal.

Reply this mail to
Dear Sir/Madam, with due respect I am Dr. Adams working with a pharmaceutical company based in London, United Kingdom. I saw your brief contact on web directory during a comprehensive online search. Please accept my sincere apology, if i am interfering in your privacy. My proposal to you is based on our company's urgent need to establish a mutual business relationship with a company or an individual in India; this will be a long term business relationship between you and our company. If you are interested please contact me through my private email address mentioned below: {} for more details. On receipt of your positive response, I will furnish your detailed information.
Hope to hear from you soon
Dr. Adams
Reply mail to  my personal email id.

Anti-fraud resources: