fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "dr. sanusi" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr Sanusi Lamido (Central Bank of Nigeria)" <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 19 Jul 2012 12:41:41 +0100
Subject: DR SANUSI LAMIDO
FOR: CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA
DR SANUSI LAMIDO GOVERNOR.
Beneficiary, You are hereby notified that your Inheritance/Contract
Payment of Ten Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars
($10.5M) has been Approved to be made to you through Central Bank ATM
Visa debit card.
The debit card can be used on any ATM machine all over the world or you
can go to your bank to off-load the funds. You are advised to re-confirm
to us the below information or call me immediately for more details
Your full names
Your full Home address (NOT P.O.BOX)
Your home phone number and cell phone
Your fax number if any
DR. SANUSI LAMIDO,