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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "MR ADU KOJO" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 27 Jul 2012 01:05:54 +0200
Subject: investment and management.

Dear Executive,

RE: Funds Investment and Management Placement. We facilitating for a private investor who want to invest his financial estate in long-term business venture in your country/company under your supervision.You will be requires to;[1]. Receive the funds.[2].Invest and Manage the funds profitably.The amount available for the investment is over Sixty Five Million United States Dollars (US$65M). My client is willing to negotiable percentage Management Commission as soon as the funds arrives your bank account. We expect to hear from you urgently as this is a high priority Investment Placement and kindly send the following information to
enhance communication;1).Full Names and Address2).Company Name and Address3). Telephone,Fax and Cell phone numbers.I look forward to your swift response to this mail.

Sincerely Yours.
Adu Kojo.
[Assistant General Manager & Chief Financial Officer]
Industrial & Commercial Bank of Ghana
Tel:+233246623288 you can call me for more directives or email me via (

Anti-fraud resources: