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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Anabel Njama <>
Date: Fri, 27 Jul 2012 08:12:44 +0800 (SGT)

Hello dear,

Complement of the day to you, please pardon me if i intrude your privacy, my name is Anabel Njama, am 22 years of age, i am a libyan, the only child of Late Dr. Njama Farag , My Late Father was a hard working business tycoon and a merchant, and a special adviser to the OPEC,His sad moment occurred during the resent war in my country libya when he was murdered in his room along side with my mother by our president Muammar Gaddafi's troop of army,you can imagine my saddness as i write you because you can see such a wicked and sorrowfull world one lives in. The main reason of contacting you is to seek your assistance in the area of my future freedom/ investment also for a helping hand over some inheritance of money my late father deposited in a security firm, which i am the next of kin. this money is USD$2.7 million dollars (two million seven hundred thousand united states dollars).

I observed you are an important personality before i made up my mind to contact you. Please i will like to know more about you because am searching for true love and i will like to invest with you in a good business over there in your country. I wish you could be honest to me so that i can go into this investment with you by my side and i will also need your good advices.

Remember you caught my attention that was why i contacted you in the first place.I will send you my pictures and We will know ourselves more as we communicate along.

Thanks for your understanding, hoping to hear from you soon.

Yours faithfully Anabel.

Anti-fraud resources: