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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "David Jackson" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 26 Jul 2012 20:33:47 +0100
Subject: Sorry for the long silent about your Fund

To. Beneficiary.
I am Special Agent David Jackson and am here in Nigeria as an FBI delegate that
has been delegated to investigate this fraudsters who are in the business of
swindling Foreigners that came for transaction in Nigeria and all over the
world. Please be informed that during my investigation I got to find out that
there is a huge sum of $10.5million that has been assigned in your name(
Beneficiary.) and this fraudsters are busy swindling you without any hope of
receiving your fund.
NOTE: You are not suppose to pay that hug amount from the beginning before the
release of your fund can commence depending on how you want the transfer made to
We have to inform you that we have made some arrested in respect of this delayed
over due fund. I have a very limited time to stay in Nigeria here so I advise
you urgently respond to this message .
I shall expect your response as soon as you receive this email.  Please Note
that I have attached my Identification to this email. do not inform any of the
people that collected money from you before now about this new development, to
avoid jeopardizing our investigation.
Best Regard,
Confidentiality Notice: The information in this e-mail and any attachments
thereto is intended for the recipient(s) only. This e-mail, including any
attachments, may  contain information that is privileged and confidential and
subject to legal restrictions and penalties regarding its unauthorized
disclosure or other use. If you are not the intended recipient, you are hereby
notified that any disclosure, copying, distribution, or the taking of any action
or inaction in reliance on the contents of  this e-mail and any of its
attachments is STRICTLY PROHIBITED. If you have received this e-mail in error,
please immediately notify the sender via return e-mail; delete this e-mail and
all attachments from your e-mail system and your computer system and network;
and destroy any paper copies you may have in your possession. Thank you for your

Anti-fraud resources: