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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "David Clark" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 27 Jul 2012 06:17:26 -0700
Subject: Write Back To Me

Dear Friend,
My name is David Clark, I work with GT Bank, I have a genuine business proposition which will advance our financial status. I will not give full details of this transaction at the moment unless I receive your response and declaration of interest.
Let me give you a little insight towards my intention. It's for you to receive an ATM MasterCard in your Name and have access to draw funds daily with it.
There is a secret account which belongs to a deceased Nigeria Politician in the Bank where I work, all I intend to do is to configure an ATM MasterCard to the account thereby giving you access to draw fund from the account in your country and also to make transfer online.
This will be successful once I edit the said account with your full details. Once edited I will direct you further. Meanwhile if you're willing to work this out with me forward the under listed details.
Your Full Name
Tel Number
I will use the information to edit the said account replacing the old details with yours then Automatic configuration of ATM MasterCard will be processed by following my application directives.
If you are willing respond, the I will give you further details.
David Clark

Anti-fraud resources: