fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "executive governor" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr.Stephen Alexander" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 28 Jul 2012 00:10:24 +0200
Subject: YOUR URGENT REPLY NEEDED
CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA
Office of the Financial Comptroller/Assistant to all protocol departments.
Greetings to you beneficiary,
I am Mr. Stephen Alexander,Personal Assistant to (Mr. Sanusi Lamido Aminu) the New Executive Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). I have urgent secret information, which will be of vital help to you. I cannot keep it further as my conscience reminds of my duties, I believed in equity and fair play, The Former CBN Governor(Prof Charsle Soludo) and some of his colleagues were assigned with the duty of releasing your funds which likely accrued from Lottery, contract/Inheritance, has conspired together to divert your funds to another account and the strategy they employed was by demanding several charges from you, all the demand are illegal just to frustrate you to abandon your funds. charlse soludo was currently working with the finance minister, attorney general of the federation, Group managing director NNPC, alongside with commercial banks chief executives to perfect his evil activities. He has counterparts in almost every countries like London,Spain, Holland Taiwan, ho
ngkong, Indonesia etc.
I can release this fund to you once due government process is observed, if I am sure that I will be protected because immediately I release it, I will have to leave office, if I do not my life will be in danger. This foreign payment funds will be transferred to their private bank account any moment from now although i am still hiding the foreign payment redialed disk which as soon as is releases to them, then they will perfect their illicit job. If you are willing to get your payment direct into your account or any other means like automated machine payment system (ATM), call or email me and reconfirm your account particulars.
Looking forward to your immediate response.