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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Koroma" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 28 Jul 2012 04:06:33 -0700

Attn Sir,


I am Dr Ernest Bai Koroma, a staff of the secretariat of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in Lome, Togo.

ECOWAS is awarding contracts involving the supply of Rice Cloths and Beverages for victims of drought in Niger republic and displaced refugee from the Liberian, Sierra-Leone and Ivory Coast conflicts. The quantity of rice required is 250 metric tones (about 50 000 bags of rice) and the quantity of used cloths: 37 metric tones of shirts, trousers etc.

The statutes do not permit a staff of ECOWAS, to participate in contract bids and execution in other to avoid the abuse of due process and corporate Governance. So I decided to look for a reputable individual or company , who would secure the bid for the contract and give me a commission of 10% of the profit for providing inside information for a successful bid.

The beauty of the ECOWAS contracts is that,
1. The contracts are very lucrative because they are usually awarded at about 10 times the prevalent market value.

2. Once you are successful in the bid, 75% of the total contract sum is paid upfront as mobilization. Thus the contract does not necessarily require ownership of a big company; all that is required is your ability to convince the ECOWAS consultants of your integrity, reliability and competence in the execution.

If by any chance you are not predisposed to do this job after we have secured a bid, I can assist you reaward the contract with about 10% of the mobilization upfront that will be paid to you.

Indicate your interest by email:( call me on ,So that we may reach an agreement and get started.

This is golden opportunity.


Dr Ernest Bai Koroma

Anti-fraud resources: