fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "WWW.LOTTO.NL" <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 9 Aug 2012 23:45:17 +0400
Subject: WINNER_CALL NOW!!!
From: Mrs E. van de graaf (Lottery Co-ordinator)
Your e-mail address attached to international reference number: 9216572
with board number: 97287449 NL was awarded 1,000,000.00 (One Million
Euro) which was first in the first class of the draws.
For immediate release of your cash prize contact our paying bank, call
immediately, always quote your winning numbers anytime you contact the
bank for verification purposes.
Send the following informations to the e-mail address of the paying bank:
(i) Full name:
(iii) Contact Address:
(iv) Your winning numbers: international reference number: 9216572, board
number: 97287449 NL
(v) Quote amount won: 1,000,000.00 (One Million Euro)
(vi) Notification date: 09 August 2012
(vii) Awarded E-mail address:
Contact person: Account officer or
Assistant account officer: Mrs Veronika A. Makhlouf
Tel: +31 684 681 693 (Calling from USA 011 31 684 681 693)
Calling hours: Monday-Friday, 11:00am-6:00pm (Central European time)